Beating heart bypass surgery is also called off pump coronary artery bypass surgery opcab both opcab and conventional on pump surgery restore blood flow to the heart however off pump bypass surgery has proven to reduce side effects in certain types of patients. Coronary artery bypass surgery is performed to provide relief of angina to improve the pumping ability of the heart muscle to prevent heart attacks and to reduce the use of heart medications all of which should improve a patients quality of life. Most people who require coronary artery bypass graft surgery are candidates for the beating heart approach surgeons weigh several factors such as the location of blocked arteries a patients history of past thoracic surgeries and the presence of co existing diseases. Beating heart surgery is however not a revolutionary new approach or a new operation the first off pump revascularization was performed by kolesov in 1967 to bypass a block in the left anterior descending artery2 favoloro used this method in 1968 for bypassing the right coronary artery3. Coronary artery bypass grafting cabg is a type of surgery that improves blood flow to the heart its used for people who have severe coronary heart disease chd also called coronary artery disease
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