Autoimmune hemolytic anemia aha is a group of disorders where your immune system mistakenly destroys your own red blood cells rbcs these rare conditions occur when antibodies proteins . Autoimmune hemolytic anemia aiha occurs when antibodies directed against the persons own red blood cells rbcs cause them to burst lyse leading to an insufficient number of oxygen carrying red blood cells in the circulation the lifetime of the rbcs is reduced from the normal 100 120 days to just a few days in serious cases. Understand the causes of immune hemolytic anemia as well as its diagnosis and treatment describe the pathogenesis and clinical features of disorders that cause traumatic hemolysis hemolytic anemias are encountered less often than anemias due to decreased red cell production or blood loss. In hemolytic anemia red blood cells in the blood are destroyed earlier than normal immune hemolytic anemia occurs when antibodies form against the bodys own red blood cells and destroy them this happens because the immune system mistakenly recognizes these blood cells as foreign. There are two main types of autoimmune hemolytic anemia warm antibody hemolytic anemia and cold antibody hemolytic anemia 2 3 4 treatment may include corticosteroids such as prednisone splenectomy immunosuppressive drugs and or blood transfusions
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